Testosterone treatment for low sex drive in naturally menopausal women:
Testosterone treatment of HSDD in naturally menopausal women: the ADORE study.
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a transdermal testosterone patch (TTP, 300 microg/day) in naturally menopausal women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD).
A total of 272 naturally menopausal women, predominantly not using hormone therapy, were randomized in this 6-month, placebo-controlled, double-blind, multicenter study to receive twice weekly either TTP or an identical placebo. Efficacy endpoints measured were the 4-week frequency of satisfying sexual episodes (SSE) using the Sexual Activity Log, the sexual desire domain of the Profile of Female Sexual Function and distress by the Personal Distress Scale. Safety was assessed by adverse events, laboratory parameters and hormone levels.
The TTP group demonstrated significant improvements in SSE (p = 0.0089) as well as in sexual desire (p = 0.0007) and reduced personal distress (p = 0.0024) versus placebo at 6 months (intent-to-treat analysis, n = 247). The results were significant for all three endpoints in the subgroup (n = 199) not using hormone therapy. Similar numbers of women treated with placebo and TTP discontinued (n = 39, 27.5% vs. n = 26, 20%), reported adverse events (including application site reactions) (n = 101, 71.1% vs. n = 81, 62.3%) and withdrew due to adverse events (n = 20, 14.1% vs. n = 9, 6.9%). No clinically relevant changes were noted in laboratory parameters. Serum free and total testosterone levels increased from baseline in the TTP group (geometric means 5.65 pg/ml and 67.8 ng/dl, respectively, at week 24) within the physiological range; no changes were seen in estradiol and sex hormone binding globulin levels.
TTP was effective in treating HSDD and improving sexual function in this study of naturally menopausal women with and without concurrent hormone therapy.