The role of dietary factors in prevention and progression of breast cancer
We always knew that diet is important in preventing cancer, but this study reveals more on this very important topic.
The role of dietary factors in prevention and progression of breast cancer .
Anticancer Research, 02/11/2015
Review Article Clinical Trial Below
Rossi RE, et al. – The aim of the present review was to evaluate the impact of dietary factors in breast cancer (BC) risk. There exist increasing evidence that dietary factors can play an important role in both the development and prevention of BC. Large randomized clinical and epidemiological studies are required but are difficult to design due to the number of variable factors.
- Bibliographical searches were performed in PubMed, using the following terms: “nutrition and breast cancer”, “nutrition and breast carcinoma”, “dietary factors and breast cancer”, “risk factors and breast cancer”, “diet and breast cancer, “breast cancer epidemiology”, “breast cancer and prevention”.
- Consumption of well-done red meat appears to be associated with increased risk of BC, whereas fish may be protective.
- Total cholesterol, triglyceride levels and glycaemic load should be monitored and controlled in at risk populations because they may be associated with increased risk of BC, although the exact mechanisms involved are not clear.
- Alcohol intake should be minimized since it is a risk factor for BC.
- High intake of polyphenol/phyto-oestrogen -rich food (i.e. flavonoids, soya products), as well as fibres, fruits and vegetables, may have potential protective effects against BC occurrence but the results might vary according to hormonal status.
- Vitamin D supplements appear protective against BC development and similarly other vitamins and oligo-elements might decrease BC risk, although further large prospective studies are required.